Botanical name: Citrus unshiu
Common name: Satsuma miyagawa
General features: Thesatsuma miyagawa is a slow-growing, small to medium-sized plant with an expansive, sometimes pendulous habit and it is quite productive. The leaves are dark green, large and lanceolate, tapering at the base and apex. The flowers are white and aromatic. The fruits, reminiscent of mandarins, are round in shape, slightly flattened at the top and bottom (oblate), with yellow or deep green skin and are highly valued in cooking for their sweet pulp.
Curiosity: Although the satsuma is named after a province in Japan, the trees originated in China. Botanical records from China indicate that the satsuma has been cultivated for thousands of years. It was supposedly brought to Japan by a Buddhist monk.
Ornamental virtues: Due to its good cold resistance and the long persistence of the fruit on the plant, the satsuma miyagawa is also used as an ornamental plant.