Botanical name: Citrus medica
Common name: Diamante citron
General features: The citron plant has thorny branches and an irregular habit. The leaves are large and oblong with serrated margins, reddish in colour as soon as they sprout, turning a beautiful dark green colour as adults. The flowers are fragrant and large, purplish-red in bud while when open they have a white interior and a purple suffused exterior, with a great ornamental effect. The large fruits have a lemon-yellow skin when ripe, it is thick, smooth and ribbed, commonly used for making candied fruit.
Curiosity: A mutation originating in the Calabrian town of Diamante (CS), from which it derives its name, the Diamante citron is the most widespread citron cultivar in Southern Italy.
Ornamental virtues: In recent years, the citron has had considerable success as an ornamental plant in pots due to its fragrant, showy blossom and large, bright yellow fruit. It is a re-flowering plant, like the lemon, and thanks to this feature it generates several annual cycles of fruiting.